Tuesday, 15 September 2015

6 Important components of a Fusion Splicing Machine

Fusion splicing is not carried out by hands. The operators use sophisticated hand-held tools and automatic machines to achieve flawless joint connectivity. The conventional components of the automatic fusion splicing machine used to join cables consist of more than 5000 distinct parts and tools. They are adjusted depending on the fusion process for single mod and multimode fibre optic cables. A brief overview is provided on some of the important components as below.

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1    Optical Core or Profile Alignment Systems
Also known as the PAS module, the Optical Core Alignment System helps in aligning the fibre optic cables at a particular gradient. The alignment model is set at 90 degrees once the fibre optic cables are sufficiently illuminated. The PAS uses video camera surveillance to recognize the core of the fibres that could be used for fusion splicing.
2    PAS Software
The automatic alignment of the PAS fusion splicing module is installed with updated software that helps in estimation of the splicing loss. The PAS software keeps the loss of material and energy to a minimum.
3    Automatic Fibre Alignment Panel
The fusion splicing process is a dynamic technique. While the splicing is being carried out, the fibre optic cables are continuously on the move. This is particularly true of splicing models that cater to voluminous amount of cables. The Automatic Fibre Alignment system aligns the fibre optic cables exactly at places where the splicing is to be done. 

4    LID system
Local Injection and Detection System is a key component of the Fibre Fusion splicing machine. It detects the edges where the light bends or is reflected back. The LID system works on the principle of micro-bending that helps in establishing the amount of light passing through the spliced junction.
5    Actuators
LID Core alignment uses actuators to measure the light coupled through the fibre optic cables fused using splicing. The actuators ensure that at the fusion splicing technique produces the best transmission channel with optimal alignment. The LID and actuators help in retaining high-quality transmission of data with minimum splice loss.
 fibre optic fusion splicer

6    Fibre strippers
The basic tool to begin fusion splicing of the fibre optic cables is the Fibre Stripper and cleaver. The set consists of cable preparation apparatus. The Fibre Strippers can handle all types of fibre optic cables. The automated Fusion Splicing Plants are suitable for:
-    Loose tube cables
-    Gel-filled cables
-    Dry water-blocked cables
They are also compatible with various styles of jackets and the armour shields used over the fibre optic cables.
Common types of strippers installed over the Fusion Splicing machine are:
-    Miller Stripper
-    Micro-strip tool
-    No-Nik Stripper
These are all Left Alignment Strippers.
Tips to be followed before and after using the Strippers
Strippers require careful cleaning after subsequent use. The process of fusion splicing may lead to significant wear and tear. Strippers need to be adjusted for the right-sized stripping every time. The automatic machines need to be adjusted correctly so that the stripper don’t knick the internal core.


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